Grade Level 5
Lesson 5



  1. Students will use phonetic and structural analysis and knowledge of words to expand their vocabulary. 


  1. Write the letters and point values on the board before the students arrive.
  2. Give the students a couple of minutes to create the highest scoring word out of the letters of the day.  Remind them that if they use all 7 letters, they score a Scrabble “bingo” and get a 50 point bonus.
  3. Ask the students to volunteer the words they have created and list those words on the board with their point values. Make sure to point out homophones, homonyms, prefixes, suffixes, word roots and words with more than one definition. 
  4. Today’s highest scoring word is EMPIRE with a point value of 10 points.  If no one in the class identifies the word, then take a few minutes to introduce the word by discussing its (1) spelling (2) pronunciation, (3) definition, (4) part of speech and (5) use in a sentence. 

·         EMPIRE:            a domain ruled by an emperor or empress


  1. Here are some other words that can be derived from today’s set of letters.  The definitions come from the Scrabble dictionary.

·         PRIME:            first in value; special interest rate; a whole number greater than        1 that can only be divided by itself

·         IMPEL:            to force into action

·         REPEL:            to drive back

·         LEPER:            an outcast

·         PRIM:              precise and proper

·         PEEL:              to strip off the outer covering

·         REEL:              to wind on a rotary device


  1. This rack of letters has one set of homophones:

·         PIER/PEER


  1. Ask students to reflect on the strategies they used to create their highest scoring word.
  2. Ask students to add these new words to their vocabulary notebook.